Prana and Situational Awareness

School of Yoga explains Situational Awareness and prANa

In any transaction, a medium is required in which the transaction occurs. This is like any house needs a foundation. This is prANa and is a subtle energy which flows wherever identities exist. Whenever the expression of identity occurs, it happens on the foundation of prana. In Yoga, prana is also known as “motility or life force”.

However, prana is part of a larger system which is both, subtle and experiential. Therefore, this makes a description of prana and its subtlities very esoteric and challenging.

School of Yoga explains the Prana or pranic system

The prANic system is a set of interlocking concepts which are based on intuitive experience (anubhava). However, experience of one person would be different from another so, while the general application of the concept would be common to everyone, individual paths would depend on one’s conditioning or dharma.

Additionally, all matter can be classified into what is gross or cognisable to the senses (sthula) and that which is subtle or can be perceived only by experience or intuition (sookshma).

Finally, the interlinking concepts which need to be understood  for development in the field of yoga are;

a- Pancha Vayu – Five airs

b- Pancha Kosha – five sheaths

c- Nadis – energy channels

d- Chakras – vortices.

The details of the above concepts are explained in the asana section – click here

School of Yoga explains Situational awareness, chakras and prana

In a situation of calmness or homeostasis, energy flows unimpeded through the centers. This allows prana to flow freely and not get congested or deplete, thus ensuring healthy functioning of the system. However, in a stress situation, the flow becomes agitated.  Depending on perception of threat, one or more centers become congested or depleted. As a result, this destabilises the prana flow, thereby affecting related vayus (vital airs) and consequently related organs. Hence, when the flow is depleted or congested, it should be brought back to a state of equilibrium or homeostasis as soon as possible.

School of Yoga explains prANa Centers and Motivation: 

Situational awareness and prana

Relationship between Situational awareness and prana

It is possible to correlate the functioning of the energy centers with the psychological state as propounded by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper “Theory of Motivation” with our energy centers.

This correlation comes of use when we try to find solutions to stress. It is known in Yoga and other forms of Oriental healing that rate of energy flow through these centers affects the behavior of the person. As a matter of fact, ancient Oriental texts on this subject from India, China, Korea, and Japan speak of many energy wheels, but all agree that there are six major wheel locations in the human body which control all major organs.

School of Yoga explains base centre (Mooladhara):  (mool = base + aadhar = foundation or source)

The first energy vortice aligns itself with the perineum, a flat region above the coccyx and between the anus and genitals. This center affects the physiological aspects of the individual- the overall energy levels, feeling of safety and health.

Example: People in difficult situations squirm in their seats. When fears for personal safety, there is acute discomfort at the region of the anus. There is an urge to shift in the seat. The rocking action energises the mooladhara chakra.

School of Yoga explains self evolution centre (svadhishtana): (sva = self + adhishtana = evolved place).

This energy vortice corresponds to the sacral region around the genital area. It affects sexuality, social and communications skills of the individual. Control of this center results in strong nerves and emotional stability.

Example: After a heated argument, there is often an ache in the lower back. This occurs as a result of our need to be able to convince the other person to accept our point of view and the need to communicate effectively. This strains the lumbar arch and results in stress.

School of Yoga explains stomach center (manipura): (manipura = navel). 

This energy vortice, is placed around the navel and corresponds to the lumbar area of the spine. This is a center that controls situational and management skills.

Example: Often, we hear about taking a decision from the gut, the gut feel! How is that possible? After all, it is the brain that decides. Or is it? The stomach does have a role, for the manipura with its acids & bile does signal comfort in a social environment.

School of Yoga explains heart centre (anahata): (ana = not + aahat = touched/ material) 

Placed at the center of the chest, this center responds to the thoracic region on the spine. This is the center of emotional energy. A clean center is essential for emotional stability.

Example: Blood pressure is directly related to anger and speech. Generally, doctors advise a person to reduce speaking after a heart attack. Why? Because a person gets excited, the release of adrenaline has a direct impact on the heart & lungs.

School of Yoga explains throat centre (visuddhi): (vishuddh = extraordinarily pure)

This energy vortice is placed around the Adam’s apple and corresponds to the cervical region in the spine. The thyroid, parathyroid and lymphatic systems, which control metabolic activity reside here. Since metabolism is the ability of the body to convert food into usable energy and rebuilding of tissue, seamless energy flow here is critical.

This is also the area which controls breathing and food intake, so any disruption in our stress levels will immediately impact the quality of our breathing and digestion.

Example: When we are afraid, we often feel choked! Why? Because the prana flow at the visuddhi is disrupted. The chocking action impacts the thyroid & parathyroid. Consequently, disruption of this center can lead to various illnesses.

School of Yoga explains forehead centre (Ajna): (Ajna = that which commands)

This energy vortice is placed between the eyebrows in the front of the cranium. It controls the functioning of the other energy vortices. It energizes the amygdala, pituitary and endocrine glands. Consequently, this energy vortice is the primary input point for “fight or flight” stimulus.

Points to ponder on prANa:

When asanas are practiced, the energy sheaths and vortices begin to get streamlined. Consequently, this allows rejuvenation of the organs, clarity of thought, emotional and spiritual strength.

Internal Links: Dharma (conditioning), Stress and Situational Awareness. Karma

External Links: Chakra, Pancha TattvaPancha Kosha, Nadi.

  • Have you experienced changes to your physiology in times of stress?
  • When you are driving any vehicle and wish to cut across traffic, where is the stress felt most on your body? (It should be along the lower back). How do you become aware of the stress and the coping action?
  • Where is the stress and awareness felt when one has a cold?
Editor at School Of Yoga
School Of Yoga is a single point resource for all aspects of Classical Yoga practise. We try to achieve this by placing Yoga's traditional methodology in front of the reader and eliciting his or her experience. We value everyone's Yoga experience and would like you to share and enrich other practitioners so that everyone benefits.
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